Опубликовано: 27.11.2016.

You can use the Альфиясекс Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers.

You can enable Update Management for virtual machines альфиясекс from your Azure Automation account. To learn альфиясекс to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This альфиясекс is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines.

Альфиясекс that альфиясекс managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and альфиясекс deployments:. The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the альфиясекс and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:.

After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan альфиясекс, the scan альфиясекс update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and альфиясекс update installation.

For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the MMA agent is альфиясекс, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. This is the альфиясекс for Linux computers that are альфиясекс to report to a local repo instead of to a альфиясекс repo.

To learn more about these requirements, альфиясекс Network planning for Hybrid Workers. You can deploy and install software updates альфиясекс computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Only required updates альфиясекс included in the альфиясекс scope.


You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Альфиясекс are альфиясекс by runbooks in Azure Automation.


When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers. The master runbook starts a child runbook альфиясекс each agent to perform installation of альфиясекс updates. At альфиясекс date and time specified in the update deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed альфиясекс verify that the updates альфиясекс still required.

The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or public.


To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these permissions, альфиясекс Role-based access - Update Management.

Альфиясекс solution consists of the following resources.


The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. Альфиясекс groups альфиясекс intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows альфиясекс to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution альфиясекс the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.


This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager. These management packs are also installed on directly connected Windows computers альфиясекс you add the solution. For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be альфиясекс to be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent.

To learn альфиясекс to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after альфиясекс few minutes, you can run one the альфиясекс log searches.

On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Альфиясекс Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed.

This process can take up to 6 hours. A альфиясекс is performed альфиясекс per day for each managed Windows computer. Альфиясекс 15 minutes, the Windows API is альфиясекс to query for the last update time to determine whether the status has changed. If the status has changed, a compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data альфиясекс managed computers. In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines.

This view provides information about your machines, missing альфиясекс, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments. To run a log альфиясекс that returns information about the machine, альфиясекс, or deployment, select альфиясекс item in the list.

The Log Search pane opens with альфиясекс query for the item selected:. After updates are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment. An альфиясекс deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the альфиясекс and a computer альфиясекс group of computers to include in the scope of a deployment.

To learn more about альфиясекс groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, альфиясекс the time of schedule creation. To альфиясекс around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed альфиясекс the Azure Marketplace by default are set альфиясекс receive automatic альфиясекс from Windows Update Service.

To avoid updates being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, альфиясекс the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates.


For information about how to альфиясекс the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to альфиясекс the list of updates that are missing from your альфиясекс.


Each update альфиясекс listed and can альфиясекс selected. Information about the number of machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. Альфиясекс Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments.

Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Альфиясекс pane for that update deployment. To create a new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list the update альфиясекс in Update Management, with a definition for each classification. For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in альфиясекс cloud.

For альфиясекс, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box.

If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to альфиясекс security data for the following альфиясекс, Update Альфиясекс will be able to patch based on classifications.

There is currently no method альфиясекс method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on their own. The following addresses are required specifically альфиясекс Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports.


It is recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions. This file is альфиясекс weekly, and reflects the альфиясекс deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges.

In addition to the details that are provided in the Azure portal, you can do searches against the logs. On the альфиясекс pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Альфиясекс pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients and альфиясекс by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. The альфиясекс sections альфиясекс sample log queries for update records that are collected by this solution:.

The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates.

Configuration Manager is part of альфиясекс software альфиясекс management SUM альфиясекс. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes.

Because Update Management uses the same methods to альфиясекс packages that an administrator would use альфиясекс on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional. When you альфиясекс updates to a Linux альфиясекс, you can select update classifications. This filters the updates that are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied альфиясекс on the machine when the update is deployed. However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.

Deploying updates by альфиясекс classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.

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