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Опубликовано: 16.02.2017.

You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation сескпорно manage operating system updates for your Windows and Сескпорно computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers.

You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the сескпорно of installing required сескпорно for servers. You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.

To learn how to сескпорно Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management for сескпорно single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines.

Computers сескпорно are managed by Сескпорно Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:. The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:.

After сескпорно computer performs a сескпорно for update compliance, the agent forwards сескпорно information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation.

For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed сескпорно 3 hours by default. Сескпорно the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. Сескпорно is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a public repo.

To learn more about these requirements, see Сескпорно planning for Hybrid Workers.

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You can deploy and install software сескпорно on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Only required updates сескпорно included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during сескпорно updates can be installed.

Updates are installed by сескпорно in Azure Automation.

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When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers. The master runbook starts a child runbook on each agent to сескпорно installation of required updates. At the date and time specified in the сескпорно deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel.

Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that сескпорно updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. Сескпорно update repository can be private or сескпорно.

To create and manage update deployments, сескпорно need specific permissions. To learn about сескпорно permissions, see Role-based access - Update Management. The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try.

These groups are intended to сескпорно only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership. This functionality was added сескпорно version 7. If your System Center Сескпорно Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager.

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сескпорно These management packs are сескпорно installed on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution.

For сескпорно information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Сескпорно Agent.

To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few сескпорно, you can run one the following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:.

To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly сескпорно, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent.

Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated сескпорно an assessment has been performed. Сескпорно process can take up to 6 hours.

A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer. Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for сескпорно last update time to determine whether the сескпорно has changed. If the status has changed, a сескпорно scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data сескпорно managed computers. Сескпорно your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status сескпорно your machines.

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This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments. To run a log search that сескпорно information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in the list. The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:. After updates are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment.

An update deployment is a scheduled installation сескпорно required updates сескпорно one or more computers. You specify the date and time сескпорно the deployment and a computer or group сескпорно computers to include in the scope of a deployment. To learn more about computer groups, сескпорно Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the time of schedule creation.

Сескпорно work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it.

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Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service.

To avoid updates being applied outside сескпорно a maintenance window сескпорно Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package сескпорно disable automatic updates. For information about сескпорно to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing сескпорно to view the list of сескпорно that are missing from your machines. Each update is listed and can be selected.

Information about the number сескпорно machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments. Select any of the сескпорно deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane сескпорно that update deployment.

To create a new update сескпорно, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:.

The following tables list the update classifications in Update Management, сескпорно a definition for each classification. For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due сескпорно data enrichment in the cloud.

For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this сескпорно available out of the box. If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be сескпорно to patch based on classifications. There is currently no method supported method to enable сескпорно classification-data availability on CentOS.

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At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on their own. The following addresses are сескпорно specifically for Update Management.

Communication to these сескпорно occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports. It is recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP сескпорно. In addition to the details that are provided in the Azure portal, you can do searches against the logs.

On the solution сескпорно, select Log Сескпорно. The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries сескпорно use them from different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. The сескпорно sections provide sample сескпорно queries for update records that are collected сескпорно this solution:.

The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have сескпорно in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength сескпорно maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates. Configuration Manager is part сескпорно their software update management SUM cycle.

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This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Update Management uses the same methods сескпорно update packages that an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is сескпорно. When you deploy updates to сескпорно Linux machine, you can select update classifications.

This сескпорно the updates сескпорно are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed.

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However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update. Deploying updates by update classification does сескпорно work on CentOS out of the box. This is a сескпорно of zypper.



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